(1802-1827) German writer whose several novels include Liechtenstein (1826 Liechtenstein; trans F Woodley and W Lander 1846 UK), an historical romance in the style of Sir Walter Scott, into which supernatural elements penetrate. He wrote three cycles of literary Fairytales – "Die Karavane" ["The Caravan"], "Der Scheik von Allesandria und seine Sklaven" ["The Sheikh of Alexandria and his Slaves"] and "Das Wirthshaus im Spessart" ["The Inn in the Spessart"] – published in three Märchenalmanache (anth 1826; anth 1827; anth 1828), selections from which have been variously translated as The Caravan and Other Tales (coll trans 1840s UK), Arabian Days' Entertainments (coll trans 1869 Germany), Tales of the Caravan, Inn, and Palace (coll trans 1881 US), Tales (coll trans J Mendel 1886 UK), which is relatively complete, The Little Glass Man (coll trans 1893 UK), Fairy Tales (coll trans 1896 US) and Hauff's Tales (coll trans 1905 UK). A good recent translation is Fairy Tales (coll trans J R Edwards 1961 UK). Many of the tales are in an Arabian Nights mode (see Arabian Fantasy); Transformations proliferate, sometimes very frighteningly. Hans Werner Henze (1926-2012) adapted one tale from the second cycle – "Der Affe als Mensch" ["The Monkey as a Man"] – into an Opera, Der Junge Lord ["The Young Lord"] (1965).
Novels of interest include Memoiren des Satan ["The Memoirs of Satan"] (1825-1826), a Satire in the mode of E T A Hoffmann, in which the Devil tours contemporary Germany making observations, at one point meeting the Wandering Jew, and in another episode acting as the Doppelgänger of an elderly man; and Phantasien im Bremer Ratskeller ["Fantasies in the Bremer Tavern"] (1827), which is also lightheartedly gruesome. [JC]