Encyclopedia of Fantasy (1997)
World Fantasy Award

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These awards have been presented annually at the World Fantasy Convention since 1975. Both the shortlist for the final ballot and the ultimate winner are determined by a panel of five selected judges; the final voting is by members of the current convention. The trophy itself was designed by Gahan Wilson. [JG/DRL]


1975: The Forgotten Beasts of Eld by Patricia A McKillip.

1976: Bid Time Return by Richard Matheson.

1977: Doctor Rat by William Kotzwinkle.

1978: Our Lady of Darkness by Fritz Leiber.

1979: Gloriana by Michael Moorcock.

1980: Watchtower by Elizabeth A Lynn..

1981: The Shadow of the Torturer by Gene Wolfe.

1982: Little, Big by John Crowley.

1983: Nifft the Lean by Michael Shea.

1984: The Dragon Waiting by John M Ford.

1985: Mythago Wood by Robert P Holdstock and Bridge of Birds by Barry M Hughart.

1986: Song of Kali by Dan Simmons.

1987: Perfume by Patrick Süskind.

1988: Replay by Ken Grimwood.

1989: Koko by Peter Straub.

1990: Madouc by Jack Vance.

1991: Thomas the Rhymer by Ellen Kushner and Only Begotten Daughter by James Morrow.

1992: Boy's Life by Robert R McCammon (1952-    ).

1993: Last Call by Tim Powers.

1994: Glimpses by Lewis Shiner (1950-    ).

1995: Towing Jehovah by James Morrow.

Lifetime Achievement

1975: Robert Bloch.

1976: Fritz Leiber.

1977: Ray Bradbury.

1978: Frank Belknap Long.

1979: Jorge Luis Borges.

1980: Manly Wade Wellman.

1981: C L Moore.

1982: Italo Calvino.

1983: Roald Dahl.

1984: L Sprague de Camp, Richard Matheson, E Hoffman Price, Jack Vance, Donald Wandrei (this year the award was voted by previous recipients).

1985: Theodore Sturgeon.

1986: Avram Davidson.

1987: Jack Finney.

1988: E F Bleiler.

1989: Evangeline Walton.

1990: R A Lafferty.

1991: Ray Russell (1924-1999).

1992: Edd Cartier (1914-2008).

1993: Harlan Ellison.

1994: Jack Williamson.

1995: Ursula K Le Guin

Best Anthology/Collection

(From 1988 this became two awards, one for anthologies and the other for collections.)

1975: Worse Things Waiting by Manly Wade Wellman.

1976: The Enquiries of Dr Eszterhazy by Avram Davidson.

1977: Frights: New Stories of Suspense and Supernatural Terror ed Kirby McCauley (1941-    ).

1978: Murgunstrumm and Others by Hugh B Cave.

1979: Shadows ed Charles L Grant.

1980: Amazons! ed Jessica Amanda Salmonson.

1981: Dark Forces ed Kirby McCauley.

1982: Elsewhere ed Terri Windling and Mark Alan Arnold.

1983: Nightmare Seasons by Charles L Grant.

1984: High Spirits by Robertson Davies.

1985: Clive Barker's Books of Blood #1-#3 by Clive Barker.

1986: Imaginary Lands ed Robin McKinley.

1987: Tales of the Quintana Roo by James Tiptree Jr (see SFE link below).

1988: The Architecture of Fear ed Kathryn Cramer and Peter D Pautz, Dark Descent ed David G Hartwell and The Jaguar Hunter by Lucius Shepard.

1989: The Year's Best Fantasy: First Annual Collection ed Ellen Datlow and Terri Windling, Angry Candy by Harlan Ellison and Storeys from the Old Hotel by Gene Wolfe.

1990: The Year's Best Fantasy: Second Annual Collection ed Ellen Datlow and Terri Windling and Collected Stories by Richard Matheson.

1991: Best New Horror ed Stephen Jones and Ramsey Campbell and The Start of the End of It All and Other Stories by Carol Emshwiller.

1992: The Year's Best Fantasy and Horror: Fourth Annual Collection ed Ellen Datlow and Terri Windling and The Ends of the Earth by Lucius Shepard.

1993: Metahorror ed Dennis Etchison and The Sons of Noah and Other Stories by Jack Cady (1932-    ).

1994: Full Spectrum 4 ed Lou Aronica, Betsy Mitchell, Amy Stout and Alone With the Horrors by Ramsey Campbell.

1995: Little Deaths ed Ellen Datlow and The Calvin Coolidge Home for Dead Comedians and A Conflagration Artist by Bradley Denton (1958-    ).

Best Short Fiction

(This award was divided from 1982, as indicated by the separate listings below.).

1975: "Pages from a Young Girl's Journal" by Robert Aickman.

1976: "Belsen Express" by Fritz Leiber.

1977: "There's a Long, Long Trail A-Winding" by Russell Kirk (1918-1994).

1978: "The Chimney" by Ramsey Campbell.

1979: "Naples" by Avram Davidson.

1980: "The Woman Who Loved the Moon" by Elizabeth A Lynn and "Mackintosh Willy" by Ramsey Campbell.

1981: "The Ugly Chickens" by Howard Waldrop.

Best Novella

1982: "The Fire When it Comes" by Parke Godwin.

1983: "Confess the Seasons" by Charles L Grant and "Beyond Any Measure" by Karl Edward Wagner.

1984: "Black Air" by Kim Stanley Robinson (1952-    ).

1985: "The Unconquered Country" by Geoff Ryman.

1986: "Naldelman's God" by T E D Klein.

1987: "Hatrack River" by Orson Scott Card.

1988: "Buffalo Gals, Won't You Come Out Tonight" by Ursula K Le Guin.

1989: "The Skin Trade" by George R R Martin.

1990: "Great Work of Time" by John Crowley.

1991: "Bones" by Pat Murphy.

1992: "The Ragthorn" by Robert P Holdstock and Garry Kilworth.

1993: "The Ghost Village" by Peter Straub.

1994: "Under the Crust" by Terry Lamsley.

1995: "Last Summer at Mars Hill" by Elizabeth Hand.

Best Short Story

1982: "The Dark Country" by Dennis Etchison and "Do the Dead Sing?" by Stephen King .

1983: "The Gorgon" by Tanith Lee.

1984: "Elle Est Troi, (La Mort)" by Tanith Lee.

1985: "Still Life with Scorpion" by Scott Baker and "The Bones Wizard" by Alan Ryan.

1986: "Paper Dragons" by James P Blaylock.

1987: "Red Light" by David J Schow (1955-    ).

1988: "Friend's Best Man" by Jonathan Carroll.

1989: "Winter Solstice, Camelot Station" by John M Ford.

1990: "The Illusionist" by Steven Millhauser.

1991: "A Midsummer Night's Dream" by Neil Gaiman and Charles Vess.

1992: "The Somewhere Doors" by Fred Chappell.

1993: "This Year's Class Picture" by Dan Simmons and "Graves" by Joe Haldeman (see SFE link below).

1994: "The Lodger" by Fred Chappell.

1995: "The Man in the Black Suit" by Stephen King.

Best Artist

1975: Lee Brown Coye.

1976: Frank Frazetta.

1977: Roger Dean.

1978: Lee Brown Coye.

1979: Alicia Austin and Dale Enzenbacher.

1980: Don Maitz.

1981: Michael Whelan.

1982: Michael Whelan.

1983: Michael Whelan.

1984: Stephen Gervais.

1985: Edward Gorey.

1986: Thomas Canty, Jeff Jones.

1987: Robert Gould.

1988: J K Potter.

1989: Edward Gorey.

1990: Tom Canty.

1991: Dave McKean.

1992: Tim Hildebrandt.

1993: James Gurney.

1994: Alan M Clark, J K Potter.

1995: Jacek Yerka.

Special Awards

1975: Betty and Ian Ballantine (see Ballantine Adult Fantasy), Stuart D Schiff (see Whispers).

1976: Donald M Grant (1927-2009), Carcosa.

1977: Alternate World Recordings, Whispers ed Stuart D Schiff.

1978: E F Bleiler, Robert Weinberg.

1979: Edward L Ferman (see SFE link below), Donald H Tuck (see SFE link below).

1980: Donald M Grant, Fantasy Newsletter ed Paul Allen.

1981: Donald A Wollheim, Shayol ed Pat Cadigan and Arnold Fenner.

1982: Edward L Ferman, Fantasy Newsletter ed Robert Collins and Paul Allen.

1983: Donald M Grant, Whispers ed Stuart D Schiff.

1984: Ian and Betty Ballantine, Joy Chant, George Sharp and David Larkin for The High Kings, Fantasy Tales ed Stephen Jones and Daivd A Sutton.

1985: Chris Van Allsburg for The Mysteries of Harris Burdick, Stuart D Schiff for Whispers.

1986: Pat LoBrutto, Douglas E Winter.

1987: Jane Yolen for Favorite Folktales from Around the World, Jeff Conner for Scream Press, W Paul Ganley for Weirdbook.

1988: David G Hartwell for Arbor/Tor Anthologies, David B Silva for The Horror Show, Robert and Nancy Garcia, American Fantasy.

1989: Robert Weinberg, Terri Windling, plus Kristine Kathryn Rusch and Dean Wesley Smith for Pulphouse.

1990: Mark V Ziesing; Peggy Nadramia for Grue.

1991: Arnold Fenner, Richard Chizmar for "Cemetery Dance".

1992: George Scithers and Darrell Schweitzer for Weird Tales, W Paul Ganley for Weirdbook.

1993: Jeanne Cavelos, Doug and Tomi Lewis.

1994: Underwood-Miller, Marc Michaud for Necronomicon Press (see Small Presses).

1995: Ellen Datlow, Bryan Cholfin for Broken Mirrors Press.

Convention Awards

(These were issued for only a few years.).

1978: Glenn Lord.

1979: Kirby McCauley.

1980: Stephen King.

1981: Gahan Wilson.

1982: Joseph Payne Brennan and Roy Krenkel.

1983: Arkham House.

1984: Donald M Grant.

1985: Evangeline Walton.

1986: Donald A Wollheim.

1987: Andre Norton.


This entry is taken from the Encyclopedia of Fantasy (1997) edited by John Clute and John Grant. It is provided as a reference and resource for users of the SF Encyclopedia, but apart from possible small corrections has not been updated.